分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays)
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: Pateobatis: Combination of Latin 'pateo' for 'lie open, be exposed' and 'batis' for skate, ray or flatfish; referring to the eclectic nature of members of this group.; hortlei: Named for Kent Hortle. More on authors: Last, Manjaji-Matsumoto & Kailola.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 2 - 7 m (Ref. 58025).
Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea and northern Australia.
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.7 cm WD 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 58025); 65.4 cm WD (female)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
Distinguished by the following combination of characters: subcircular disc, very angular anteriorly, length 1.1 times DW; pectoral-fin apices broadly rounded; snout extremely elongate, 11-18 times orbit diameter, 96-99° angle; snout to maximum disc width 52-58% of DW; orbit very small, diameter 0.4-0.5 of spiracle length, 3.8-6.3 times in interorbital distance; mouth not greatly protrusible; prepelvic process not expanded; 1-3 enlarged, flattened, pearl-shaped mid-scapular denticles; denticles of main band in two main sizes in adults, crowns plate-like to heart-shaped; dorsal disc uniformly yellowish, brownish, or greyish; ventral surface of adults usually canary yellow in fresh material, often black around oronasal region and gill slits; pectoral fin radials 135-143; pelvic-fin radials 22-28; total vertebral centra 99-108 (Ref. 58025).
Demersal inshore; commonly found over shallow intertidal mud flats and in estuaries in only several metres depth. Viviparous, with histotrophy. Presumably feeds on crustaceans, molluscs and small fishes. Caught regularly, but usually avoided, by beach seine fisheries operating in intertidal habitats. Possibly adversely affected by mangrove loss. Utilized for its meat, and possibly also for its skin and cartilage. (Ref.58048).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Last, P.R., M. Manjaji-Matsumoto and P.J. Kailola, 2006. Himantura hortlei n. sp., a new species of whipray (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Zootaxa (1239):19-34. (Ref. 58025)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.9 - 29.2, mean 28.8 °C (based on 264 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00359 - 0.01840), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 ().
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .