Brochiraja microspinifera

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Brochiraja microspinifera Last & McEachran, 2006

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drawing shows typical species in Arhynchobatidae.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae (Softnose skates)
Etymology: microspinifera: Name from Latin 'micro' meaning small and the epithet of its larger New Zealand sibling species Brochiraja spinifera.  More on authors: Last & McEachran.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina djupbottenlevande; djupintervall 600 - 1200 m (Ref. 58023).   Deep-water

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.5 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 58023)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

A dwarf species with the following combination of characters: tail moderately elongate, 1.2-1.4 times disc length, 2.5-2.7 times ventral head length, 5.3-6.3 times snout length; orbit moderately large, 2.1-2.8 in preorbital snout length; tail base moderately broad, width at pelvic-fin insertions 2.1-3.1 times width at midlength; fine dermal dentic1es present over entire dorsal disc; rostral thorns reduced in adult, about equidistant from orbit and snout tip (snout length 1.8-2.1 times their distance from snout tip); mid-dorsal surface of tail naked apart from single row of moderately enlarged thorns extending anteriorly onto interpelvic space; dorsolateral surface of tail with numerous smaller thorns and large denticles; single preorbital thorn, postorbital thorn absent; ventral disc and tail naked; calcified rostral shaft short; alar thorns in small, well-defined patch; malar thorns absent; both surfaces of disc dark brown; with or without pale-edged pores on ventral surface; nuchal pore band indistinct; total pectoral radials 58-63; predorsal vertebrae 81-88; tooth rows in the upper jaw 33-37 (Ref. 58023).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Male paratype mature at 27 cm TL; no information on juveniles (Ref. 58023).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Medarbetare

Last, P.R. and J.D. McEachran, 2006. New softnose skate genus Brochiraja from New Zealand (Rajidae: Arhynchobatinae) with description of four new species. N. Z. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 40(1):65-90. (Ref. 58023)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 22 June 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.6 - 8.2, mean 5.3 °C (based on 20 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00272 - 0.01111), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .