Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Apristurus: a-, Latin privative, i.e., without; pristis, from pristes (Gr.), sawyer (but here meaning saw); oura (Gr.), tail, referring to absence of saw-toothed crest of enlarged dermal denticles along upper edge of caudal fin as found in the closely related Pristiurus (=Galeus). (See ETYFish); australis: Latin for southern, referring to its distribution in the southern hemisphere around Australia. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 486 - 1035 m (Ref. 76943). Subtropical
Indian and Pacific coasts of Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 50.0, range 45 - 55 cm
Max length : 61.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76943)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species has the following characters: flattened prenarial snout, apparently longer than interorbital width; furrows of upper labial much longer than the lower ones; pectoral fin widely expanding posteriorly, with outer margin a little longer than P1-P2 space; short abdomen, P1-P2 space narrower than preorbital length or anal fin base length; origin of first dorsal-fin just above or slightly anterior to pelvic-fin insertion; 50–64 and 48–68 tooth rows on upper and lower jaws, respectively; teeth with 5 or more cusps, including the anterior ones; egg capsule with no coiled tendrils on anterior and posterior ends, posterior end tapering toward tip; color preserved in alcohol is uniformly pale brownish to light greyish, sometimes light yellowish brown; the dorsal side of body is a little darker than ventral side (Ref. 76943).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sato, K., K. Nakaya and M. Yorozu, 2008. Apristurus australis sp. nov., a new long-snout catshark (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from Australia. pp. 113-122. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 22. (Ref. 76943)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2 - 8.7, mean 6.7 °C (based on 238 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00168 - 0.00717), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec assumed to be < 10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100).