Alburnus sarmaticus

You can sponsor this page

Alburnus sarmaticus Freyhof & Kottelat, 2007

Carregue seu(sua) Fotos e vídeos
Imagem do Google
Image of Alburnus sarmaticus
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Leuciscidae.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335);  sarmaticus: Named after the Sarmatians, referring to an earlier group of tribes that inhabited southern European Russia, Ukraine and the eastern Balkans from the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD.  More on authors: Freyhof & Kottelat.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; Água doce; estuarina bentopelágico.   Temperate

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Europe: Rivers South Bug and Dniepr in Ukraine; River Danube in Romania and most likely in Ukraine and Bulgaria; River Kolpa, an upper tributary to the River Save in Croatia and Slovenia (Ref. 75106). Almost extirpated in Danube; seems to survive only in River Kolpa (Ref. 59043).

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 59043)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Differs from other species of shemayas by the combination of the following characters: origin of anal fin about 1½ -2½ scales behind dorsal-fin base; anal fin with 15-17½ branched rays; gill rakers 27-34; length of gill raker at angle between upper and lower limbs of first gill arch 30-55% of opposite inner gill filament; lateral line scales 56-63 + 4-5; ventral keel exposed for 4-6 scales in front of anus, reaching about 25% of distance between anus and pelvic-fin base; head length 21-23% SL; predorsal length 53-58% SL; caudal peduncle depth 6.9-8.1% SL,1.7-2.0 times in its length; eye diameter 4.8-5.8% SL, 1.3-1.6 times in interorbital distance; presence of numerous small tubercles in nuptial males; absence of faint, dark midlateral stripe (Ref. 75106).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits lower and middle parts of large rivers, estuaries, coastal lakes and adjacent areas of seas where salinity is lowered by large inflow of freshwater. Can tolerate salinities of up to 12 ppt. Adults mainly prey on planktonic crustaceans, terrestrial insects, and small fish. Larvae and young juveniles feed on zooplankton, algae and insect larvae. Spawns in riffles with heavy current on gravel bottom. There are semi-anadromous and riverine populations. Anadromous populations commence to enter rivers in autumn and move upstream in winter and/or spring. Adults move back to the sea soon after spawning to forage. Young individuals migrate downriver in autumn of same year or the following spring. Hybridizes with Squalius cephalus. All populations sharply declined in the early and middle 20th century due to the constructed dams that hindered in reaching the spawning grounds. Today, spawning occurs only below these dams (Ref. 59043).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Deposits sticky eggs which adhere on pebbles or stones (Ref. 59043).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Freyhof, J. and M. Kottelat, 2007. Review of the Alburnus mento species group with description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 18(3):213-225. (Ref. 75106)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)

  Em perigo (EN) (B2ab(v)); Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Mais informação

Países
Áreas da FAO
Ecossistemas
Ocorrências
Introduções
Estoques
Ecologia
Dieta
Itens alimentares
Consumo alimentar
Ração
Nomes comuns
Sinônimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação de desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Idade/Tamanho
Crescimento
Peso-comprimento
Comprimento-comprimento
Frequências de comprimento
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larvas
Dinâmica larval
Recrutamento
Abundância
BRUVS
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequências alélicas
Hereditariedade
Doenças
Processamento
Nutrients
Conversão de massa
Colaboradores
Fotos
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Otólitos
Cérebros
Visão

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

Baixar XML

Fontes da internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Checar Observador de Peixes (FishWatcher) | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gênero, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de dados nacionais | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: Ir para, procura | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Registro zoológico

Estimates based on models

Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00324 - 0.01477), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .