分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性. Temperate
Europe: Vistula drainage (mainly San and Wisloka systems) downstream to Wilga (about 50 km from Warsaw), upper Dniestr basin in Poland and Ukraine. Similar barbels from the upper Tisza system (Danube drainage) may represent this species.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043)
形態学 | 形態計測学
Diagnosed from its congeners n Baltic and Black Sea basins by having following characters: last simple dorsal ray slightly thickened, with 0-30 small serrae posteriorly along median third; flexible segmented part of last simple dorsal ray about 50% of ray length; lower lip thick, with a pendulous median lobe; lateral line with 52-70 scales (usually 59-62); 11-12 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal fin origin; pelvic fin origin slightly to clearly behind dorsal fin origin; scales with free posterior part rounded; and scales without epithelial crests (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits small rivers with moderate to fast flowing water in piedmont and montane zones at 200-600 m above sea level, preferring stone, gravel, pebble or sand bottom and river stretches with rapids and deep holes. Undergoes upriver migration to shallow, smaller tributaries during the start of the spawning season. Does not migrate for long distances, usually moving along main course of stream during feeding season. Preys on benthic invertebrates. Breeds in shallow areas over pebble bottom with fast current and clear water with high oxygen concentration. Spawns mainly at night during sunset. Slow decline of population is expected to continue due to on-going economic development (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Eggs are released in holes dug by females with their anal fins. Probably spawning takes place in 2-3 batches during a spawning season (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00350 - 0.01307), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=2-4).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .