Onychostoma virgulatum

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Onychostoma virgulatum Xin, Zhang & Cao, 2009

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drawing shows typical species in Cyprinidae.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Acrossocheilinae
Etymology: Onychostoma: Greek, onyx, -ychos = nail + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  virgulatum: Named from Latin adjective "virgulatus", meaning striped, in reference to the longitudinal dark brown stripe extending along the lateral line.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser benthopelagisch.   Subtropical

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Asia: Qiupu River, a tributary of the southern bank of the lower Yangtze River in South China.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.6 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 82789)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 13; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 9; Wirbelzahl: 40 - 41. Moderate mouth with a nearly transverse or slightly arched opening with the extremities slightly curved posteriorly and its width equal to or slightly less than the corresponding head width and a short post-labial groove extending along half of the length of the lower jaw lateral margin. Differs from all other species of Onychostoma, except Onychostoma meridionale and Onychostoma fusiforme, with a moderate mouth by the possession of a longitudinal dark brown stripe extending along the lateral line. Can be diagnosed from these two species in having two pairs of barbels in adults (vs. present in juveniles, but absent in adults in Onychostoma fusiforme, or absent in adults and juveniles in Onychostoma meridionale. Differs further from Onychostoma fusiforme by having the following characters: deeper body depth 26.3-27.7% SL (vs. 20.4-23.8), stouter caudal peduncle (length 18.5-21.0% SL, vs. 20.5-23.7 and depth 7.6-9.1% SL vs. 6.7-8.0 or depth 36.1-48.8% of its length vs. 29.7-37.5); prepelvic length 49.8-51.3% SL (vs. 46.2-48.7); preanal length 72.6-74.8% SL (vs. 68.3-71.5). Also distinguished from Onychostoma meridionale in having a stout, serrated last simple dorsal-fin ray (vs. slender, smooth) (Ref. 82789).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

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Xin, Q., E. Zhang and W.-X. Cao, 2009. Onychostoma virgulatum, a new species of cyprinid fish (Pisces: Teleostei) from southern Anhui Province, South China. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(3):255-266. (Ref. 82789)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00393 - 0.02432), b=3.01 (2.78 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .