分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(屬, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Cypriniformes
(Carps) 鯉形目 (Carps)
(Longfin loaches) 鰍科 (Longfin loaches)
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水層性.
Europe: Drin to Aoos drainages (Albania, Macedonia, Serbia, Greece), including Lakes Ohrid and Skadar.
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 75104)
型態特徵 | 形態測量圖
Dark spot on upper caudal base often small, faint or missing. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z3 narrower than zone Z2, comprising a single row of small dots. Presence of one lamina circularis.
Occur in rivers and lakes, over fine to muddy sand and among algae (Ref. 59043). Females attain a maximum size of up to at least 6.5 cm SL (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .