分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水层性.
Europe: Drin to Aoos drainages (Albania, Macedonia, Serbia, Greece), including Lakes Ohrid and Skadar.
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 75104)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
Dark spot on upper caudal base often small, faint or missing. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z3 narrower than zone Z2, comprising a single row of small dots. Presence of one lamina circularis.
Occur in rivers and lakes, over fine to muddy sand and among algae (Ref. 59043). Females attain a maximum size of up to at least 6.5 cm SL (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .