Glyphis fowlerae, Borneo river shark

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Glyphis fowlerae Compagno, White & Cavanagh, 2010

Borneo river shark
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Image of Glyphis fowlerae (Borneo river shark)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Carcharhinidae.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

(كوسه ها و سپرماهيان) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Etymology: Glyphis: Greek, glyphe = carving (Ref. 45335);  fowlerae: Named for Dr Sarah Fowler (Nature Bureau, UK).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين سطح زی.   Tropical

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Asia: Malaysia, Sabah.

Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 77.8 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 84281)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

This species is distinguished by the following combination of characters: snout short, broadly rounded in dorsoventral view; minimum distance from mouth to nostril 1.1-1.6 times nostril width; lips usually concealing teeth when closed mouth; lower teeth with erect, narrow, moderately hooked to straight cusps, with notched mesial and distal edges, and low mesial and distal shoulders or blades (except in posterior teeth); anteroposterior tooth row counts 13-15/13-15; total tooth row counts 28-31/29-32 or 60-63; interdorsal space 17.0-19.5% TL; anterior margin of pectoral fin slightly convex, pectoral length 11.6-13.4% TL; length of pelvic-fin anterior margin 6.3-7.7% TL, 36-40% of length of pectoral-fin anterior margin; pelvic-fin height 4.6-6.3% TL; first dorsal fin not falcate, with concave posterior margin, free rear tip just anterior to pelvic-fin origins, its length 16.9-19.1% TL; second dorsal-fin length 10.5-12.3% TL, anterior margin length 7.5-9.7% TL, its base length 7.4-9.3% TL and 1.4-1.9 times second dorsal-fin height, its height 4.7-6.0% TL and 58-68% of first dorsal height; anal-fin height 4.1-5.0% TL and 74-102% of second dorsal-fin height, its base 65-94% of second dorsal-fin base; caudal-fin subterminal margin weakly concave; total vertebral count 196-209; monospondylous precaudal count 60-67, 30-33% of total count; diplospondylous precaudal count 43-52, 22-26% of total count; diplospondylous caudal count 82-96, 42-46% of total count; precaudal count 108-114, 54-58% of total count; boundary coloration (watermark) on head diffuse, extending through lower level of eye; in young, watermark well defined, diffuse along trunk, situated near lateral midline; dorsal, pectoral, pelvic and anal fins plain; ventral caudal-fin lobe, and postventral and dorsal margins, dusky to blackish (Ref. 84281).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

The biology of this species is essentially unknown; development presumably by placental viviparity as suggested by the newborn young and by reference to other, related carcharhinids (adults of either sex including pregnant females were not available for examination). The type locality was described to have very low banks that slope gradually down to a flat and muddy bottom. Little information available on the hydrology of the area, however, the Lower Kinabatangan Segama Wetlands RAMSAR site (available at http://www.sabah.gov.my/sabc/downloads/RIS_LKSW_2008.pdf) provides the following hydrological characteristics for the streams of the Kulamba Wildlife Reserve where Kampung Abai is located: salinity 1.7-1.9, pH 6.4-7.5, temperature 25.5-29.9°C, conductivity 27.6-31.2 μS/cm, total suspended solids 126.8-214.5 mg/L, dissolved oxygen 4.6-5.9 mg/L and the most important features to take note of are the very low salinity (practically freshwater) and high suspended solids (Ref. 84281).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | همكاران

Compagno, L.J.V., W.T. White and R.D. Cavanagh, 2010. Glyphis fowlerae sp. nov., a new species of river shark (Carcharhiniformes; Carcharhinidae) from northeastern Borneo. 29-44 pp. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of new sharks and rays from Borneo. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 32. (Ref. 84281)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

كشورها
مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO)
Ecosystems
ظهور
معرفي
Stocks
بوم شناسي
عادت غذايي
اقلام غذايي
مصرف غذايي
سهمیه
اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
Age/Size
رشد
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
بازسازی
فراواني
BRUVS
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Nutrients
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | فيش واچر را ببينيد | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: جنس, گونه ها | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: ژنوم, نوکلئوتيد | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: برو, جستجو | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00221 - 0.01036), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  پايين ، كم, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 5/4 – 14 سال ().
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .