分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Proterorhinus: Greek, proteros = former + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的.
Eurasia: Azov and Caspian Sea basins; in Volga, native in delta, reaching up to Lake Rybinskoye. Populations from western Caucasus coast in Russia and Georgia probably belong to this species.
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59043)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: head length 29-31% SL; eye diameter 16-21% HL; anal rays 14-16; total scales in midlateral series 43-49 (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits a variety of slow-flowing or still waters; usually associated with dense vegetation or coarse rocks. Spawns for the first time at 1-2 years, and usually only for 1 to 2 seasons, April-August with females spawning more than once during a season. Males guard the eggs which are deposited in cavities; larvae and juvenile are benthic. Feeds on benthic invertebrates. It is invasive in Volga where reportedly, the spreading was due to canalization of main river and reservoirs or slow-flowing waters created by hydroelectric plants (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00531 - 0.01717), b=3.02 (2.86 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .