Oxymonacanthus longirostris, Harlequin filefish : aquarium

Oxymonacanthus longirostris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Harlequin filefish
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Oxymonacanthus longirostris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Oxymonacanthus longirostris (Harlequin filefish)
Oxymonacanthus longirostris
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) 魨形目 (Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae (Filefishes) 單棘魨科 (Filefishes)
Etymology: Oxymonacanthus: Greek, oxys = sharp + Greek, monos = one + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 非遷移的; 深度上下限 1 - 35 m (Ref. 90102).   熱帶; 30°N - 24°S, 114°E - 171°E

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Indo-Pacific: East Africa south to Maputo, Mozambique (Ref. 4421) and east to Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, and Tonga. Replaced by Oxymonacanthus halli in the Red Sea.
印度-太平洋: 東非南至莫三比克的馬普托 (參考文獻 4421) 而且東至美屬薩摩亞, 北至琉球群島, 南至大堡礁的南方,新加勒多尼亞與東加。 在紅海被 Oxymonacanthus halli 取代了。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9710)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 2; 背的軟條 (總數): 31-35; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 29 - 32. Ventral rudiment absent; bristles on caudal peduncle of males longer than others on body (Ref. 37816).
腹面原基不存在; 在身體上在雄性的尾柄上的剛毛長度超過其它。 (參考文獻 37816)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in clear lagoon and seaward reefs from 0.5 to at least 30 m. Found in pairs or small groups and nests near bases of dead corals, often on clumps of algae. Monogamous (Ref. 52884, 48637). Feeds exclusively on Acropora polyps. Feeding takes place throughout the day becoming less towards the evening (Ref. 46144).

出現於來自 0.5 到至少 30 公尺的清澈的潟湖與臨海礁石。 成對發現了或在死珊瑚的基底附近的小群魚群與巢, 時常在海藻叢上。 一夫一妻的.(參考文獻 52884) 專門捕食 Acropora 水螅體。 進食全天候發生將近晚上變得比較少的。 (參考文獻 46144)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Aggression is used commonly in courtship. Spawning commences when after swimming together in different tufts, the female concentrates on just one and begins to thrust repeatedly and pause. The male follows suit nuzzling the female. The female then drops into the algae and spawns, while the male releases the sperm beside her. The pair then swims back to their territory (Ref. 46144). Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).印度-太平洋: 東非南至莫三比克的馬普托 (參考文獻 4421) 而且東至美屬薩摩亞, 北至琉球群島, 南至大堡礁的南方,新加勒多尼亞與東加。 在紅海被 Oxymonacanthus halli 取代了。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Hutchins, Barry | 合作者

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  次級保育類動物, 見 IUCN 紅皮書 (VU) (A3c); Date assessed: 05 July 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣; 水族館: 商業性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2439 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01034 - 0.04421), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Fec = 200).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 106 [36, 245] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.807 [0.471, 1.700] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.2, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.133 [0.061, 0.274] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.3 [12.6, 61.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 77.8 [23.5, 259.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.52 [0.87, 2.49] mg/100g (wet weight);