Salmo cenerinus

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Salmo cenerinus Nardo, 1847

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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Salmoniformes (Salmons) 鮭形目 (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) 鮭科 (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Nardo.

Issue
This species is synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier, 1829 in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jan. 2012: Ref. 89336).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; 深度上下限 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Europe: Po to Soca drainages (where it is possibly introduced) and northern slope of Apennine range (Italy, Switzerland, Slovenia). The western and eastern distributional limits are not clear.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 59043); common length : 40.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 59043); 最大年齡: 8 年 (Ref. 59043)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

Distinguished from congeners in Apennine Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: parr marks absent in adults and subadults (over about 10 cm SL); parr marks vertically elongated; caudal fin slightly emarginate; body pattern not marbled; red spots not restricted to lateral line; black or dark brown spots present. This diagnosis is tentative as genetic data indicate that Salmo cenerinus represents a lineage very different from those of Atlantic and Black Sea basins, but there is no published morphological comparison. Salmo trutta has probably hybridized with most native populations (Ref. 59043).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits streams in hilly areas, with clear, flowing and well oxygenated water (as a result of continuous stocking, often present in unsuitable habitats). Also occurs in alpine and subalpine lakes. Feeds on aquatic insects and invertebrates. Large individuals also prey on fishes. Moves to smaller tributaries to spawn on gravel. Attains a maximum size of up to about 80 cm SL and lives up to at least 8 years. Introduced and has hybridized with Salmo marmoratus (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

國家
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Stocks
生態學
食性
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食物消耗量
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俗名
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新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
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孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
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Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2-3).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .