分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
This species is synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier, 1829 in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jan. 2012: Ref. 89336).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性; 深さの範囲 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Europe: Po to Soca drainages (where it is possibly introduced) and northern slope of Apennine range (Italy, Switzerland, Slovenia). The western and eastern distributional limits are not clear.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043); common length : 40.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043); 最大記録サイズ: 8 年 (Ref. 59043)
形態学 | 形態計測学
Distinguished from congeners in Apennine Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: parr marks absent in adults and subadults (over about 10 cm SL); parr marks vertically elongated; caudal fin slightly emarginate; body pattern not marbled; red spots not restricted to lateral line; black or dark brown spots present. This diagnosis is tentative as genetic data indicate that Salmo cenerinus represents a lineage very different from those of Atlantic and Black Sea basins, but there is no published morphological comparison. Salmo trutta has probably hybridized with most native populations (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams in hilly areas, with clear, flowing and well oxygenated water (as a result of continuous stocking, often present in unsuitable habitats). Also occurs in alpine and subalpine lakes. Feeds on aquatic insects and invertebrates. Large individuals also prey on fishes. Moves to smaller tributaries to spawn on gravel. Attains a maximum size of up to about 80 cm SL and lives up to at least 8 years. Introduced and has hybridized with Salmo marmoratus (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=2-3).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .