Salmo cenerinus

Salmo cenerinus Nardo, 1847

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Classification / Names ຊື່ສາມັນ | ຄຳສັບຄ້າຍຄືກັນ | Catalog of Fishes(ຕະກຸນ, ຊະນິດ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Nardo.

Issue
This species is synonym of Salmo marmoratus Cuvier, 1829 in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jan. 2012: Ref. 89336).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range ນິເວດວິທະຍາ

; ນ້ຳຈືດ ກ່ຽວກັບ (ຢູ່)ເທິງຊັ້ນພື້ນດິນໃນທະເລເປີດ; ລະດັບຄວາມເລິກ - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

ການແຜ່ກະຈາຍ ປະເທດ | ເຂດ FAO | ລະບົບນິເວດ | ການປະກົດຕົວ | Point map | ການແນະນຳ | Faunafri

Europe: Po to Soca drainages (where it is possibly introduced) and northern slope of Apennine range (Italy, Switzerland, Slovenia). The western and eastern distributional limits are not clear.

ຂະໜາດ / ນ້ຳໜັກ / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL ຕົວຜູ້/ບໍ່ມີເພດ; (Ref. 59043); common length : 40.0 cm SL ຕົວຜູ້/ບໍ່ມີເພດ; (Ref. 59043); ອາຍຸສູງສຸດທີ່ເຄຍລາຍງານມາ: 8 ປີ (Ref. 59043)

Short description ສະລີລະວິທະຍາ | ການວັດແທກຮູບຮ່າງລັກສະນະພາຍນອກຂອງດິນ,ສັດ,ປາ…

Distinguished from congeners in Apennine Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: parr marks absent in adults and subadults (over about 10 cm SL); parr marks vertically elongated; caudal fin slightly emarginate; body pattern not marbled; red spots not restricted to lateral line; black or dark brown spots present. This diagnosis is tentative as genetic data indicate that Salmo cenerinus represents a lineage very different from those of Atlantic and Black Sea basins, but there is no published morphological comparison. Salmo trutta has probably hybridized with most native populations (Ref. 59043).

ຊີວະສາດ     ຄຳແປສັບ (ຕ.ຢ. epibenthic)

Inhabits streams in hilly areas, with clear, flowing and well oxygenated water (as a result of continuous stocking, often present in unsuitable habitats). Also occurs in alpine and subalpine lakes. Feeds on aquatic insects and invertebrates. Large individuals also prey on fishes. Moves to smaller tributaries to spawn on gravel. Attains a maximum size of up to about 80 cm SL and lives up to at least 8 years. Introduced and has hybridized with Salmo marmoratus (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior ການຈະເລີນເຕັມໄວ | ການສືບພັນ | ການວາງໄຂ່ | ໄຂ່ | ຄວາມດົກຂອງໄຂ່ປາ | ຕົວອ່ອນ

Main reference Upload your references | ເອກະສານອ້າງອີງ | ຜູ້ປະສານງານ | ຜູ້ຮ່ວມມື

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
ຊັ້ນເຂດຮ້ອນ (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
ຄວາມຢືດຢຸ່ນ (Ref. 120179):  ຂະໜາດກາງ, ປະຊາກອນຕຳ່ສຸດທີ່ໃຊ້ເວລາສອງເທົ່າ 1.4 - 4.4 ປີ (tm=2-3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .