Salmo ciscaucasicus, Caspian salmon

Salmo ciscaucasicus Dorofeeva, 1967

Caspian salmon
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Salmo ciscaucasicus
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> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性; 深さの範囲 - 50 m (Ref. 59043), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

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Eurasia: Coastal zone of western Caspian Sea, drainages from northern Azerbaijan to Volga and Ural. Terek is the main spawning river. Status of threat: least concern.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043); 最大公表体重: 9.0 kg (Ref. 99764)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

Distinguished from the only congener Salmo ezenami in European Caspian basin by the following unique characters: maxilla reaching posterior margin of eye; and gill rakers pointed, tips never club-changed. Diagnosed from Salmo capius, a species restricted to southern Caspian basin, by its unique body depth about 15-20% SL (vs. 21-26); differs further by the combination of having head depth about 59-65% HL (vs. 68-75) and interorbital distance about 30-42% HL (vs. 37-48) (Ref. 59043).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

At the sea, it occurs along coast at depths of up to 50 m. Resident part of populations live in streams and uppermost reaches with fast current, cold clear water and stone or gravel bottom. Parrs and resident adults prey on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Anadromous and large lacustrine individuals feed predominantly on fish, but also take large crustaceans. Undertakes migration to hill streams. Usually spawns in the upper reaches of rivers with fast current. Damming hinders both migrating juveniles to reach the sea and returning adults to reach spawning sites. Species survival depends solely on resident populations (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  非常に低い, 14年以上の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (80 of 100) .