Classification / Names
आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Catfishes) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Chiloglanidinae
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335); igamba: The specific name refers to the type locality of this species, Igamba Falls on the Malagarasi River; this is the first major series of waterfalls encountered while navigating upriver from Lake Tanganyika, and is a potential site for a hydroelectric dam; used as a noun in apposition (Ref. 87986).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल ड़िमरसल. Tropical; 5°S - 6°S, 29°E - 31°E
Africa: lower Malagarasi River, Tanzania (Ref. 87986).
आकार / वज़न / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm SL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 87986)
आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स
पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 2; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 5-6; गुदा कांटा 0; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 9 - 11; जानवरों की रीड़ का जोड़: 33. Diagnosis: Chiloglanis igamba is a sexually dimorphic species in which the caudal fin of adult males is relatively truncate, but with the middlemost rays moderately elongated; females and juvenile males of this species in contrast exhibit a gently forked caudal fin; sexual dimorphism of the caudal fin is also apparent in several other species of Chiloglanis, including the following from various tributaries flowing into Lake Tanganyika: C. trilobatus, C. kalambo, C. productus and C. asymetricaudalis, but the particular shape of the caudal fin in C. igamba is unique among all congeners (Ref. 87986). The most similar sexually dimorphic caudal fins are found in males of C. trilobatus and C. kalambo, where the middle most rays form a third lobe; the trilobate caudal-fin shape in these species can be distinguished from the shape in C. igamba by the areas between upper, middle and lower lobes, which are notably recessed; in C. igamba these recessed areas are absent and clearly trilobate shape is not evident; Chiloglanis igamba is further distinguished from C. trilobatus and C. kalambo by a shorter adipose-fin length, 10.3-16.3% of standard length vs. 16.4-22.3% in C. trilobatus and 16.5-23.4% in C. kalambo; a shorter depth at dorsal fin insertion, 14.5-18.4% of standard length vs. 20.0-24.0% in C. trilobatus and 18.2-23.5% in C. kalambo; a shorter caudal peduncle depth, 8.7-12.6% of standard length vs. 11.9-14.5% in C. trilobatus and 11.3-15.4% in C. kalambo; a longer snout length, 20.3-26.2% of standard length vs. mean of 19.9% in C. trilobatus and mean of 18.4% in C. kalambo; a shorter maxillary barbel, 5.0-7.5% of standard length vs. a mean of 10.6% in C. trilobatus and mean of 9.3% in C. kalambo; a wider oral disc, 20.4-26.8% of standard length vs. mean of 19.0% in C. trilobatus and mean of 19.7% in C. kalambo; a wider set of premaxillary tooth plates, 15.6-19.8% of standard length vs. mean of 14.0% in C. trilobatus and mean of 13.7% in C. kalambo; 27-45 primary teeth on each premaxilla, vs. 18-31 in C. trilobatus and 7-21 in C. kalambo; 6 soft rays in the dorsal fin, rarely 5, vs. 5 rays in C. trilobatus and C. kalambo (Ref. 87986). Caudal-fin shape in males of C. igamba is also fairly similar to the shape found in males of C. productus; but in C. productus all caudal-fin rays, especially the middle rays, are elongated and the fin is diamond shaped; Chiloglanis igamba is also easily distinguished from C. productus by its pigmentation, which consists of cream-coloured splotches on a light brown background; in contrast, the pigmentation of C. productus is medium to dark brown with a pale midlateral stripe along the lateral line; Chiloglanis igamba is further distinguished from C. productus by a shorter pectoral spine, 9.9-15.1% of standard length vs. 15.2-18.5%; a shorter pectoral-fin longest ray, 15.2-18.8% of standard length vs. 19.1-23.9%; and a shorter adipose-fin base, 10.3-16.3% of standard length vs. 22.5-26.2% (Ref. 87986). Finally, in Chiloglanis asymetricaudalis the caudal fin of adult males is forked, but with an elongate upper lobe; in addition to caudal fin shape, C. igamba is easily distinguished from C. asymetricaudalis by a shorter pectoral spine, 9.9-15.1% of standard length vs. 16.4-19.7%; a shorter dorsal spine, 8.2-12.7% of standard length vs. 13.0-15.7%; a shorter anal fin, 11.7-15.9% of standard length vs. 22.6-28.0%; a shorter caudal peduncle, 15.0-17.7% of standard length vs. 18.4-20.9%; and a markedly different pigment pattern (Ref. 87986).
This species is most abundant within the Igamba Falls area and associated large rapids, and is much less common in smaller rapids both above and below these falls (Ref. 87986).
Life cycle and mating behavior
परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा
Friel, J.P. and T.R. Vigliotta, 2011. Three new species of African suckermouth catfishes, genus Chiloglanis (Siluriformes: Mochokidae), from the lower Malagarasi and Luiche rivers of western Tanzania. Zootaxa 3063:1-21. (Ref. 87986)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
आम नामउपशब्दचपायचयपरभक्षीईकोटोकसीकोलौजीपुनरुत्पत्तिपरिपक्व अवधिमछलीऔ का अंडे देनाSpawning aggregationFecundityअंडेEgg development
Age/Sizeबाढ़Length-weightLength-lengthLength-frequenciesमौरफोमैटरिक्सआकृति विज्ञानलार्वालारवल गतिकीभर्तीबहुतायतBRUVS
संदर्भजलीयकृषिजलीयकृषि रूपरेखाखींचआनुवंशिकीऐल्लि आवृतियाँहैरेटिबिलटीबीमारीप्रक्रमणNutrientsMass conversion
सहयोगीयोतस्वीरेStamps, Coins Misc.ध्वनिसिगुयटिरारफ्तारतैरने के प्रकारगिल क्षेत्रOtolithsदिमागदृष्टि
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .