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Sundadanio gargula Conway, Kottelat & Tan, 2011

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drawing shows typical species in Sundadanionidae.

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> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Sundadanionidae (Tiny danios)
Etymology: Sundadanio: Sunda: Asiatic island; Danio: from ‘dhani’, local Bengali/Bangla name for small minnows (Ref. 2031);  gargula: Derived from gar-, an onomatope common to many ancient European language for boiling water or water flowing through a gullet, and from the Latin 'gula', meaning throat; this gave rise to French gargouille and the English gargoyle; in reference to the somewhat grotesque appearance of the head and throat of tuberculate males of this species. A noun in apposition..
More on authors: Conway, Kottelat & Tan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water demersaal. Tropical

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Asia: Bangka Island, Sumatra, Indonesia.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 88800)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9; Anale zachte stralen: 9; Wervels: 34. Distinguished all its congeners by the greater distance between the dark lateral stripe and the ventral midline in males (13.5-14.5 % SL vs. 8.7- 13.6) and by its larger and more numerous tubercles (enlarged scales next to window in body musculature with a vertical row of 3-5 large conical tubercles vs. 1-3; scales posterior to enlarged scales next to window in body musculature and anterior to anal-fin origin with 2 large, closely situated conical tubercles at center vs. 1 or 2 small, widely spaced tubercles). Can be further distinguished by the following combination of characters: large adult body size (largest specimen examined 19.0 mm SL, smallest tuberculate male 15.2 mm SL); live males with blue to emerald green sheen present across dorsal body surface and an intense red colour across anterior portion of anal fin; preserved males with a highly developed dark lateral stripe of uniform intensity along its entire length, horizontal through ventral border of which, when brought forward, extends through dorsal half of eye; absence of secondary lateral stripe in preserved males; absence of reticulate pattern along dorsal body surface; absence of dusky markings on dorsal and caudal fins; complete covering of scales on caudal peduncle (Ref. 88800).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Inhabits peat swamp forests (Ref. 88800).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

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Conway, K.W., M. Kottelat and H.H. Tan, 2011. Review of the Southeast Asian miniature cyprinid genus Sundadanio (Ostariophysi: Cyprinidae) with descriptions of seven new species from Indonesia and Malaysia. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 22(3):251-288. (Ref. 88800)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Kwetsbaar, zie IUCN Rode Lijst (VU) (B1ab(i,ii,iii)+2ab(i,ii,iii)); Date assessed: 04 January 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).