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Sundadanio echinus Conway, Kottelat & Tan, 2011

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drawing shows typical species in Sundadanionidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Sundadanionidae (Tiny danios)
Etymology: Sundadanio: Sunda: Asiatic island; Danio: from ‘dhani’, local Bengali/Bangla name for small minnows (Ref. 2031);  echinus: From the Latin 'echinus', meaning hedgehog. This is in reference to the large, spiny tubercles on the lower jaw of Sundadanio, which were first discovered in this species. A noun in apposition..
More on authors: Conway, Kottelat & Tan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性.

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Asia: peat swamp forests of the vicinity of Anjungan and Kepayan in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Pictures of Sundadanio from western Sarawak that have been tentatively identified as Sundadanio echinus may indicate that this species may have a wider distribution than is known presently.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.1 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 88800)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 9; 臀鰭軟條: 9; 脊椎骨: 34 - 35. Distinguished from all congeners by its snout length, 15-19% HL and body depth at pelvic-fin origin, 25-30 % SL. Differs from all other species, except Sundadnio rubellus, by the presence of the secondary lateral stripe in both sexes. Can be further diagnosed by following combination of characters: large adult body size (largest specimen examined 17.8 mm SL); live males with emerald green sheen present across dorsal body surface, an intense red secondary lateral stripe, running along ventral edge of emerald green sheen from posterior to opercular opening to point opposite middle of anal fin, and an intense black marking across anterior portion of anal fin; preserved males with a well developed dark lateral stripe of roughly uniform depth along entire length, horizontal through ventral border of which, when brought forward, extending through dorsal half of eye; presence of a distinctive secondary lateral stripe of small melanophores running parallel to dark lateral stripe along its ventral margin from posterior to opercular opening to point opposite middle of anal fin; presence of reticulate pattern along dorsal body surface posterior to dorsal-fin origin; absence of dusky markings on dorsal and caudal fins; presence of enlarged scales next to window in body musculature; complete covering of scales on caudal peduncle; scales posterior to enlarged scales next to window in body musculature and anterior to anal-fin origin with a single small tubercle at center (Ref. 88800).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits peat swamp forests (Ref. 88800).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Conway, K.W., M. Kottelat and H.H. Tan, 2011. Review of the Southeast Asian miniature cyprinid genus Sundadanio (Ostariophysi: Cyprinidae) with descriptions of seven new species from Indonesia and Malaysia. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 22(3):251-288. (Ref. 88800)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  次級保育類動物, 見 IUCN 紅皮書 (VU) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv)); Date assessed: 04 January 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).