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Sundadanio echinus Conway, Kottelat & Tan, 2011

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drawing shows typical species in Sundadanionidae.

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> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Sundadanionidae (Tiny danios)
Etymology: Sundadanio: Sunda: Asiatic island; Danio: from ‘dhani’, local Bengali/Bangla name for small minnows (Ref. 2031);  echinus: From the Latin 'echinus', meaning hedgehog. This is in reference to the large, spiny tubercles on the lower jaw of Sundadanio, which were first discovered in this species. A noun in apposition..
More on authors: Conway, Kottelat & Tan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoet water benthopelagisch. Tropical

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Asia: peat swamp forests of the vicinity of Anjungan and Kepayan in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Pictures of Sundadanio from western Sarawak that have been tentatively identified as Sundadanio echinus may indicate that this species may have a wider distribution than is known presently.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.1 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 88800)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9; Anale zachte stralen: 9; Wervels: 34 - 35. Distinguished from all congeners by its snout length, 15-19% HL and body depth at pelvic-fin origin, 25-30 % SL. Differs from all other species, except Sundadnio rubellus, by the presence of the secondary lateral stripe in both sexes. Can be further diagnosed by following combination of characters: large adult body size (largest specimen examined 17.8 mm SL); live males with emerald green sheen present across dorsal body surface, an intense red secondary lateral stripe, running along ventral edge of emerald green sheen from posterior to opercular opening to point opposite middle of anal fin, and an intense black marking across anterior portion of anal fin; preserved males with a well developed dark lateral stripe of roughly uniform depth along entire length, horizontal through ventral border of which, when brought forward, extending through dorsal half of eye; presence of a distinctive secondary lateral stripe of small melanophores running parallel to dark lateral stripe along its ventral margin from posterior to opercular opening to point opposite middle of anal fin; presence of reticulate pattern along dorsal body surface posterior to dorsal-fin origin; absence of dusky markings on dorsal and caudal fins; presence of enlarged scales next to window in body musculature; complete covering of scales on caudal peduncle; scales posterior to enlarged scales next to window in body musculature and anterior to anal-fin origin with a single small tubercle at center (Ref. 88800).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Inhabits peat swamp forests (Ref. 88800).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

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Conway, K.W., M. Kottelat and H.H. Tan, 2011. Review of the Southeast Asian miniature cyprinid genus Sundadanio (Ostariophysi: Cyprinidae) with descriptions of seven new species from Indonesia and Malaysia. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 22(3):251-288. (Ref. 88800)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Kwetsbaar, zie IUCN Rode Lijst (VU) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv)); Date assessed: 04 January 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).