Ikan bertulang rawan (sharks and rays)
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut dasar (demersal). Tropical
Eastern Pacific Ocean: from the Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 86285)
Morfologi | Morfometrik
This smooth-backed species is distinguished by the following: some specimens have a very weak interdorsal ridge (evident in embryos and neonates; not noticeable in the holotype or on a 103.4-cm male individual); first dorsal fin originates about the middle of the pectoral fin inner margin; its anterior margin is much longer than the distance from the apex to the free rear tip; height of first dorsal fin is about 9-10.5% of TL; second dorsal fin originates over or behind middle of anal base; caudal fin measures about one-fourth of the total length; has minute, inconspicuous hyomandibular pores behind the eye; upper teeth, from the first to the fifth tooth have broadly triangular, increasingly oblique cusps with serrated edges, with a notch on both edges at about a third of length from the base to the cusp (serrations from the notch to the base are much larger than those on the rest of the cusp); lower teeth have narrow, erect to slightly oblique, triangular cusps with more finely serrated edges; teeth number U:13 to 15-1 or 2-13 to 15, L:12 to 15-0 to 2-12 to 15; denticles roughly oblong and have minimal overlapping, with three central ridges, the central ridge being only slightly longer than the side ridges and terminating in a slightly longer point. Colour in preserved specimens: the first and second dorsal fins, the pelvic fins and the anal fin had dark or dusky edges, and the pectoral fins usually had dusky or black tips on their dorsal sides, and the lower caudal lobe was dusky or blacktipped; neonates have caudal fins with a black border, and their pectoral fins have a wide, white rear margin (Ref. 86285).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva
Castro, J.I., 2011. Resurrection of the name Carcharhinus cerdale, a species different from Carcharhinus porosus. aqua, International Journal 17(1):1-10. (Ref. 86285)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
ancaman kepada manusia
Nama-nama umumSinonim (persamaan)metabolismePemangsaEkotoksikologiReproduksi, perkembang biakanKematanganPemijahanSpawning aggregationFecunditytelur-telurpekembangan telor
Umur / SaizPertumbuhanpanjang-beratpanjang-panjangukuran frekuensiMorfometrikMorfologiLarvaDinamika larvapemulihanKelimpahanBRUVS
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanNutrientsMass conversion
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00219 - 0.01045), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .