Arapaima leptosoma

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Arapaima leptosoma Stewart, 2013

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drawing shows typical species in Osteoglossidae.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) 骨舌魚目 (Bony tongues) > Osteoglossidae (Arowanas) 骨舌魚科 (Arowanas) > Herorotidinae
Etymology: Arapaima: From tupí-guaraní, arapaima (Ref. 45335);  leptosoma: Derived from the Greek leptos, meaning slender, and soma, meaning body. This in reference to the relatively slender body form of this species..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性.

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South America: Solimões River in Brazil.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 77.6 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 94273)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 40; 臀鰭軟條: 38; 脊椎骨: 83. Diagnosed from all congeners by having the following characters: extremely slender dorsal most lateralis sensory cavity on preopercle, strongly angled ventrolateral margin of head where third infraorbital meets anterior limb of preopercle such that ventral surface of head is almost flat, and enlarged thickened sheath on anterior third of dorsal-fin base that hides anterior dorsal-fin rays when adpressed. Differs also from all other Arapaima except A. agassizii by having extremely long fourth infraorbital. Distinguished from A. arapaima and all other examined non-type specimens by having notably slender body; from A. mapae and A. agassizii by having relatively deep caudal peduncle (6.0% SL, vs. ,4.0 in both of latter two taxa); from A. gigas by having dentary teeth in a single row (vs. dentary teeth in 2-2.5 irregular rows); and from A. agassizii by having 28 teeth on maxilla (vs. 43) and on single ramus of dentary (30-32, vs. 44) (Ref. 94273).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Obligate air-breathing (Ref. 126274)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Stewart, D.J., 2013. A new species of Arapaima (Osteoglossomorpha: Osteoglossidae) from the Solimões River, Amazonas State, Brazil. Copeia 2013(3):470-476. (Ref. 94273)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100).