Enteromius validus : fisheries

Enteromius validus (Stiassny, Liyandja & Monsembula Iyaba, 2016)

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drawing shows typical species in Cyprinidae.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335);  validus: Specific name, validus, from the Latin meaning strong or powerful, in reference to the robust appearance of the species (Ref. 106731).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; Água doce bentopelágico.   Tropical

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Africa: N’sele River and Mayi Ndombe River, Congo River basin in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 106731), and Léfini River in Congo Republic (Ref. 122753).

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 106731)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais moles (total): 11; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 8; Vértebras: 34 - 35. Diagnosis: It is distinguished from all other African smiliogastrin species by the following features that, in combination, uniquely diagnose the species: scales in midlateral series not enlarged relative to impinging rows above and below; barbels well developed, maxillary pair extending beyond level of mideye, mandibular pair reaching level of midopercle; numerous conical tubercles over snout and cheek, and dorsum of head; small circular occipital fontanel often present and located medially at parietal suture; gill rakers well developed, 8 or 9 on hypo- and ceratobranchial elements of first arch; last unbranched dorsal-fin ray weakly ossified, flexible, and lacking serrations along posterior edge; dorsal fin creamy white proximally, distal half to two thirds darkly pigmented (Ref. 106731).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

This species is omnivorous and opportunistic (Ref. 106731). Gut contents contained disarticulated insect remains, woody debris, seeds, macerated grasses and terrestrial arthropod remains of spiders and ants (Ref. 106731). Specimens collected in June, July, and August showed no sign of maturation of ovaries or testes; most large individuals collected in March had enlarged testes or ovaries filled with numerous small, round eggs suggesting that peak breeding occurs at that time (Ref. 106731).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Stiassny, M.L.J, T.L.D. Liyandja and R.J.C. Monsembula Iyaba, 2016. A new small barb (Cyprininae: Smiliogastrini) from the N’sele and Mayi Ndombe rivers in the lower reaches of the middle Congo basin (Democratic Republic of Congo, Central Africa). Am. Mus. Novit. 3848:1-15. (Ref. 106731)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Fontes da internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Consultar FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Género, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: ir para, procurar | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registo zoológico

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .