分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(属, 种) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335); validus: Specific name, validus, from the Latin meaning strong or powerful, in reference to the robust appearance of the species (Ref. 106731).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水层性.
Africa: N’sele River and Mayi Ndombe River, Congo River basin in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 106731), and Léfini River in Congo Republic (Ref. 122753).
大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 106731)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 11; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 8; 脊椎骨: 34 - 35. Diagnosis: It is distinguished from all other African smiliogastrin species by the following features that, in combination, uniquely diagnose the species: scales in midlateral series not enlarged relative to impinging rows above and below; barbels well developed, maxillary pair extending beyond level of mideye, mandibular pair reaching level of midopercle; numerous conical tubercles over snout and cheek, and dorsum of head; small circular occipital fontanel often present and located medially at parietal suture; gill rakers well developed, 8 or 9 on hypo- and ceratobranchial elements of first arch; last unbranched dorsal-fin ray weakly ossified, flexible, and lacking serrations along posterior edge; dorsal fin creamy white proximally, distal half to two thirds darkly pigmented (Ref. 106731).
This species is omnivorous and opportunistic (Ref. 106731). Gut contents contained disarticulated insect remains, woody debris, seeds, macerated grasses and terrestrial arthropod remains of spiders and ants (Ref. 106731). Specimens collected in June, July, and August showed no sign of maturation of ovaries or testes; most large individuals collected in March had enlarged testes or ovaries filled with numerous small, round eggs suggesting that peak breeding occurs at that time (Ref. 106731).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Stiassny, M.L.J, T.L.D. Liyandja and R.J.C. Monsembula Iyaba, 2016. A new small barb (Cyprininae: Smiliogastrini) from the N’sele and Mayi Ndombe rivers in the lower reaches of the middle Congo basin (Democratic Republic of Congo, Central Africa). Am. Mus. Novit. 3848:1-15. (Ref. 106731)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .