Salmo viridis : fisheries

Salmo viridis Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui, 2015

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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335);  viridis: The species name viridis refers to its diagnostic greenish colouration in some parts of body and fins (Ref. 107622)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; profondeur - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Isli Lake in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco (Ref. 107622).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 107622)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Vertèbres: 53 - 55. Diagnosis: It differs from other known species of the genus Salmo from Morocco, except Salmo pallaryi, by the absence of spots or marks on the body; it has a lesser number of anal pterygophores, 10-11 than Salmo pallaryi, 12-14, and shorter orbital length; horizontal orbital length with respect to the head length is 16-23% of head length in Salmo viridis vs. 25-31% of head length in Salmo pallaryi (Ref. 107622). The following combination of characters are also diagnostic to Salmo viridis: vomer teeth in one row, premaxilla extended laterally, supramaxilla short and deep, dorsal fin pterygophores from 11 to 13; and one molecular autapomorphy in the MT-CYTB gene in the nucleotide position 508 (Ref. 107622).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

This species inhabits Isli Lake, situated on a high plateau, 2270 meters above sea level; it is a large and deep, ±2 km of diameter and 92 m deep, oligotrophic lake (Ref. 107622). The spawning of this species takes place at the end of October and November in the sandy beaches of the lake (Ref. 107622). The habitat of this species is threatened due to eutrophication, related to intensive overpasture; overfishing is also a problem due to the low protection of the lake; no juveniles have been observed in the last years and several malformations in fins and skull were observed; therefore this species should be included in the IUCN category of endangered (Ref. 107622).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Doadrio, I., S. Perea and A. Yahyaoui, 2015. Two new species of Atlantic trout (Actinopterygii, Salmonidae) from Morocco. Graellsia 71(2,e039):1-26. (Ref. 107622)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Non évalué 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .