Salmo viridis : fisheries

Salmo viridis Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui, 2015

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> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335);  viridis: The species name viridis refers to its diagnostic greenish colouration in some parts of body and fins (Ref. 107622)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性; 深さの範囲 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

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Africa: endemic to Isli Lake in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco (Ref. 107622).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 107622)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

脊つい: 53 - 55. Diagnosis: It differs from other known species of the genus Salmo from Morocco, except Salmo pallaryi, by the absence of spots or marks on the body; it has a lesser number of anal pterygophores, 10-11 than Salmo pallaryi, 12-14, and shorter orbital length; horizontal orbital length with respect to the head length is 16-23% of head length in Salmo viridis vs. 25-31% of head length in Salmo pallaryi (Ref. 107622). The following combination of characters are also diagnostic to Salmo viridis: vomer teeth in one row, premaxilla extended laterally, supramaxilla short and deep, dorsal fin pterygophores from 11 to 13; and one molecular autapomorphy in the MT-CYTB gene in the nucleotide position 508 (Ref. 107622).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

This species inhabits Isli Lake, situated on a high plateau, 2270 meters above sea level; it is a large and deep, ±2 km of diameter and 92 m deep, oligotrophic lake (Ref. 107622). The spawning of this species takes place at the end of October and November in the sandy beaches of the lake (Ref. 107622). The habitat of this species is threatened due to eutrophication, related to intensive overpasture; overfishing is also a problem due to the low protection of the lake; no juveniles have been observed in the last years and several malformations in fins and skull were observed; therefore this species should be included in the IUCN category of endangered (Ref. 107622).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Doadrio, I., S. Perea and A. Yahyaoui, 2015. Two new species of Atlantic trout (Actinopterygii, Salmonidae) from Morocco. Graellsia 71(2,e039):1-26. (Ref. 107622)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .