Maculabatis arabica, Arabic whipray

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Maculabatis arabica Manjaji-Matsumoto & Last, 2016

Arabic whipray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Maculabatis arabica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Maculabatis arabica (Arabic whipray)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Dasyatidae.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: .arabica: Named for its type locality; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; diepteverspreiding 15 - 29 m (Ref. 110187), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Pakistan to India, in the Arabian Sea.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm WD mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 110187); 63.4 cm WD (female)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Wervels: 102 - 111. This species (with size at least 63 cm DW) is distinguished by this set of the characters: disc is broadly rhomboidal, its length 89-93% DW; snout is moderately elongate with small apical lobe, snout angle 113-121°; pectoral-fin apices are narrowly rounded; orbits small, protruding slightly; mouth is relatively narrow, its width 1.1-1.6 in internasal width; the distance between first gill slits 2.1-2.3 times internasal distance; distance between fifth gill slits is 1.4-1.5 times internasal distance, 28--30% of ventral head length; pelvic-fin base is narrow, 12-13% DW; a small yellow, seed-shaped suprascapular denticle followed by a slightly larger white, heart-shaped denticle; weak primary denticle band present in young but soon becoming inconspicuous; secondary denticle band is irregularly suboval, relatively narrow with well-defined lateral margins, rounded forward of orbit and not extending lateral to orbit even in large adults; adults with a broad band near tail base; dorsal disc uniformly brownish (lacking white spots); ventral disc pale with broad, weakly-defined and slightly darker margins; anterior tail light-brown on dorsal surface and usually without white lateral spots; tail banded dorsally behind caudal-sting base, bands more obscure or absent with age; pectoral-fin radials 127-135; total vertebral count, including synarcual centra 102-111, monospondylous centra 41-47, pre-sting diplospondylous centra 55-68 (Ref. 110187).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Immature male at 36.0 cm WD, while size at birth is probably slightly smaller than 17 cm WD (Ref. 110187).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M. and P.R. Last, 2016. Two new whiprays, Maculabatis arabica sp. nov. and M. bineeshi sp. nov. (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae), from the northern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 4144(3):335-353. (Ref. 110187)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Ernstig bedreigd (CR) (A2d+3d); Date assessed: 08 February 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00606 - 0.04338), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (87 of 100) .