Pungitius modestus

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Pungitius modestus Matsumoto, Matsuura & Hanzawa, 2021

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drawing shows typical species in Gasterosteidae.

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> Perciformes/Gasterosteoidei (Sticklebacks) > Gasterosteidae (Sticklebacks and tubesnouts)
Etymology: Pungitius: Latin, pungitius = prickling (Ref. 45335);  modestus: Named for its moderate behaviour where adults do not fight each other except during the reproductive season..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch. Subtropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Asia: Japan.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 124673)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 8 - 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9-11; Anale stekels 1; Anale zachte stralen: 7 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VIII-IX, 9-11; pectoral-fin rays 10; small unconnected lateral plates 30-32, running from just behind the dorsal end of the gill opening to the caudal peduncle; caudal peduncle with keel; dorsal-fin spine inclining atlernately to left and right of the mid-line; short spines on dorsal, 3.6% SL (2.7-4.9), anal 5.0% SL (4.1-6.0) and pelvic 5.0% SL (4.1-6.0) ; short base of spiny dorsal fin 28.7% SL (26.5-29.8); the first dorsal-fin spine is above slightly behind the pectoral-fin base; anal spine below the first (1st-3rd) dorsal-fin ray; ascending process of the pelvis is relatively developed and extending dorsally tot eh level of the dorsal-most actinost; antero-ventral process of ectocoracoid present, the left and right articulating with each other at the anterior end; membranes of dorsal-fin spines are colored dark brown with many pigments (Ref. 124673).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs in small streams and ponds that are refreshed by abiundant cold spring water from the bottom with temperatures ca. 16°C year-round. This fish tends to hide in water grasses and usually remains still, suspended just above the bottom. The adults feed mainly on amphipods (e.g. Jesogammarus jesoensis) that are extremely abundant in the type locality. The larvae, on the other hand, feed on tubificids, while 30-day old juveniles on chrironomids and copepods. Breeding season peaks in May, with courtship behavior occurring at night, but may also be observed in the daytime. Reported observation stated that usually, females spawn at night between 21:00 and dawn (Ref. 124673).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

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Matsumoto, T., K. Matsuura and N. Hanzawa, 2021. A new species of nine-spined stickleback, Pungitius modestus (Gasterosteiformes, Gasterosteidae), from northern Honshu, Japan. Zootaxa 5005(1):1-20. (Ref. 124673)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00181 - 0.01052), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .