Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 800 - 1100 m (Ref. 47737), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Western Pacific: South China Sea and Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47737)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Disc thin. Snout broad and long with rostral filament. Eye small and remote from snout. Pelvic anterior lobe leg-like and completely separate from posterior lobe. Pelvic posterior lobe fused with tail. Tail slender.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.2 - 6.3, mean 5 °C (based on 132 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .