Raja undulata, Undulate ray : fisheries

Raja undulata Lacepède, 1802

Undulate ray
مشاهدات خود را اضافه کنيد در Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Raja undulata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
را بارگذاری کني تصاوير و فيلم ها
Pictures | تصوير گوگل
Image of Raja undulata (Undulate ray)
Raja undulata
Picture by Salesjö, A.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

(كوسه ها و سپرماهيان) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
Etymology: Raja: Latin, raja, -ae = a sting ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي نزديك كف زي; تغييرات عمق 50 - 200 m (Ref. 6808).   Subtropical; 53°N - 9°N, 19°W - 36°E

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Ireland and England to Senegal, including the western Mediterranean and the Canary Islands. Reported from the eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 3261).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm 80.0  range ? - 85.2 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 4426)

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Found on sandy bottoms of shelf waters (Ref. 3167). Feed on all kinds of bottom animals (Ref. 3167). Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205). Egg capsules are 7.2-9.0 cm long and 4.2-5.2 cm wide (Ref. 41303 , 41251, 41304).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Egg-cases laid from March to September (Ref. 3167). Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : McEachran, John | همكاران

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  در معرض خطر (EN) (A2bd+3d+4bd); Date assessed: 03 September 2003

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
Age/Size
رشد
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
بازسازی
فراواني
BRUVS
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Nutrients
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.8 - 17.1, mean 13.2 °C (based on 157 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00201 - 0.00476), b=3.18 (3.06 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  پايين ، كم, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 5/4 – 14 سال (Fec assumed to be <100).
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 28.3 [3.3, 166.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.882 [0.170, 3.393] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [14.3, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.522 [0.237, 1.193] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [7.0, 100.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.02 [1.65, 30.87] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.579 [0.150, 2.095] mg/100g (wet weight);