Raja undulata, Undulate ray : fisheries

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Raja undulata Lacepède, 1802

Undulate ray
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Raja undulata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Raja undulata (Undulate ray)
Raja undulata
Picture by Salesjö, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
Etymology: Raja: Latin, raja, -ae = a sting ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 50 - 200 m (Ref. 6808).   亞熱帶的; 53°N - 9°N, 19°W - 36°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Ireland and England to Senegal, including the western Mediterranean and the Canary Islands. Reported from the eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 3261).
東大西洋: 愛爾蘭南部與英格蘭到塞內加爾, 包括地中海西部與加納利群島。 記錄來自地中海東部了。 (參考文獻 3261)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 80.0  range ? - 85.2 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4426)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on sandy bottoms of shelf waters (Ref. 3167). Feed on all kinds of bottom animals (Ref. 3167). Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205). Egg capsules are 7.2-9.0 cm long and 4.2-5.2 cm wide (Ref. 41303 , 41251, 41304).

栖息于大陆架水域的砂质底部了。 (参考文献 3167) 捕食各种的底部动物。 (参考文献 3167) 卵生的。 明显的成对出现。 幼鱼可能倾向跟随大的个体, 例如他们的母亲.(参考文献 205) 卵为长方形鞘囊具有僵硬的触角沈积在沙滩或泥滩的角落.(参考文献 205) 卵鞘是 7.2-9.0 公分长与 4.2-5.2 公分宽的.(参考文献 41303,41251,41304)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Egg-cases laid from March to September (Ref. 3167). Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205).東大西洋: 愛爾蘭南部與英格蘭到塞內加爾, 包括地中海西部與加納利群島。 記錄來自地中海東部了。 (參考文獻 3261)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  濒危 (EN) (A2bd+3d+4bd); Date assessed: 03 September 2003

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.8 - 17.1, mean 13.2 °C (based on 157 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00201 - 0.00476), b=3.18 (3.06 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Fec assumed to be <100).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 28.3 [3.3, 166.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.882 [0.170, 3.393] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [14.3, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.522 [0.237, 1.193] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [7.0, 100.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.02 [1.65, 30.87] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.579 [0.150, 2.095] mg/100g (wet weight);