Pastinachus sephen, Cowtail stingray : fisheries, aquarium

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Pastinachus sephen (Forsskål, 1775)

Cowtail stingray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pastinachus sephen   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pastinachus sephen (Cowtail stingray)
Pastinachus sephen
Picture by Banks, I.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Hypolophinae
Etymology: Pastinachus: Latin, pastinaca = a sting ray (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Forsskål.

Issue
This species which is similar to Pastinachus ater, an Indo-West Pacific species, is found only in Northwestern Indian Ocean. Erroneous information will be deleted.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; swasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; amphidrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich - 60 m (Ref. 6871), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Northern Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Pakistan.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 96 - 100 cm
Max length : 183 cm WD Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 37816); common length : 65.0 cm WD Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 27550)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 0. A large, plain, dark stingray with an angular snout and pectoral disc; tail long and broad-based, less than twice body length, and with no upper caudal finfold but with high lower caudal finfold- 2 to 3 times depth of tail but not reaching tail tip; no large thorns; 1 or 2 long stings on tail, further behind tail base than in most stingrays; unique hexagonal, high-crowned teeth (Ref. 5578). Dark brown or black dorsally without conspicuous markings, white ventrally (Ref. 5578). Tail black (Ref. 3263).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found in lagoons, reef flats, and reef faces (Ref. 12951). Also in rivers far from the sea (Ref. 5578). Feeds on bony fishes, worms, shrimp, and crabs (Ref. 12951). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Adults are sometimes accompanied by remoras or members of the trevally family (Ref. 6871). Size at birth about 18 cm WD or larger (Ref. 6871). Flesh utilized as food and skin used for polishing wood (Ref. 4832). Possibly caught by sports anglers (Ref. 5578). Recently there is a targeted fishery on this species for its skin, which is used as 'shagreen' in fashion accessories, from wallets to fancy pens; as a result, the species is in danger of disappearance (IHT 26.11.2005, p.5). Maximum length about 300 cm TL (Ref. 30573).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Size at birth ~ 18 cm WD (Ref.58048).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Partner

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)

  Gefährdung zunehmend (NT) (A2d+3d); Date assessed: 07 February 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Venomous





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Mehr Information

Länder
FAO Gebiete
Ecosystems
Vorkommen
Einführungen
Stocks
Ökologie
Nahrung
Nahrungsorganismen
Nahrungsaufnahme
Nahrungsmenge
Namen
Synonyme
Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
Wachstum
Länge-Gewicht
Länge-Länge
Längenhäufigkeiten
Morphometrie
Morphologie
Larven
Larven Pop.Dyn.
Rekrutierung
Dichte
BRUVS
Referenzen
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Aquakultur Profil
Zuchtlinien
Genetik
Allel-Häufigkeiten
Vererbbarkeit
Krankheiten
Verarbeitung
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Partner
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
Ciguatera
Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1694 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (Assuming Fec<10).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 14.2 [1.8, 76.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.495 [0.085, 1.976] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.6 [17.8, 23.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.172 [0.052, 0.527] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.8 [7.0, 145.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 35.4 [6.5, 183.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.883 [0.225, 3.463] mg/100g (wet weight);