Carcharhinus borneensis, Borneo shark : fisheries

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Carcharhinus borneensis (Bleeker, 1858)

Borneo shark
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Carcharhinus borneensis
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Classification / Names ຊື່ສາມັນ | ຄຳສັບຄ້າຍຄືກັນ | Catalog of Fishes(ຕະກຸນ, ຊະນິດ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ກຸ່ມປາກະດູກອ່ອນ (ເຊັ່ນ: ປາສະຫລາມ, ປາຜາໄລ) (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range ນິເວດວິທະຍາ

; ສັດທະເລ ອາໄສຢູ່ໃກ້ໜ້າດິນໃຕ້ພື້ນທ້ອງນ້ຳ.   Tropical; 21°N - 4°S

ການແຜ່ກະຈາຍ ປະເທດ | ເຂດ FAO | ລະບົບນິເວດ | ການປະກົດຕົວ | Point map | ການແນະນຳ | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Borneo and China. Questionably occurring in Java, Indonesia and the Philippines. Due to its very restricted and very small area of occurrence (Borneo), conservation measures are urgently needed (Ref. 84280).

ຂະໜາດ / ນ້ຳໜັກ / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL ຕົວຜູ້/ບໍ່ມີເພດ; (Ref. 244)

Short description ສະລີລະວິທະຍາ | ການວັດແທກຮູບຮ່າງລັກສະນະພາຍນອກຂອງດິນ,ສັດ,ປາ…

This small species is characterized by the following: snout long and pointed; slender body and tail; alongside each mouth corner is a row of enlarged hyomandibular pores (5-12); upper anterior teeth finely serrated with a single narrow, oblique cusp; distal edge deeply notched and with several cusplets; lower anterior teeth with narrower, similarly oblique cusps; no lateral cusplets; total tooth row counts 23-26/23-25, or 46-50; second dorsal-fin origin well posterior of anal-fin origin, about opposite or just anterior to anal-fin midbase while second dorsal-fin origin to anal-fin origin 2.2-4.1% TL, 0.4-0.9 times second dorsal-fin base; interdorsal space 20.7-22.7% TL; pelvic fins small, anterior margins 4.4-5.8% TL and 35-42% of pectoral anterior margin; first dorsal fin triangular, with nearly straight posterior margin, free rear tip about opposite pelvic-fin origins, length 14.5-17.6% TL, 1.8-2.4 times height, inner margin 1.9-2.8 in base; second dorsal fin much smaller than first and slightly smaller than anal fin, length 7.5-10.2% TL, base 2.0-3.1 times height; height 21-29% of first dorsal fin height; anal fin height 1.1-1.6 times second dorsal height, base 1.1-1.5 times second dorsal-fin base; total vertebral counts 117-121, monospondylous precaudal counts 33-36, diplospondylous precaudal counts 21-26, diplospondylous caudal counts 56-60, precaudal counts 57-63; colour slate-grey dorsally, whitish ventrally with waterline clearly demarcated along head and body, fins no distinct black markings, pectoral fins and lower caudal lobe with whitish margins (Ref. 84280).

ຊີວະສາດ     ຄຳແປສັບ (ຕ.ຢ. epibenthic)

A rare species found inshore in coastal areas (Ref. 244). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Specimens range in length from 23.7-61.8 cm TL. Two specimens collected in the 1800s had fresh umbilical scars at 23.7 and 27.4 cm, indicating that the size at birth is close to these sizes; four specimens of 34.1-37.3 cm had well healed, but still obvious umbilical scars. Five males with lengths of 54.8-57.6 cm were found mature (additional material of mature males with lengths of 59.0-62.0 cm and several pregnant females with lengths of 61.0-65.0 cm). Litter size of pregnant females was 6 (Ref. 84280). Undoubtedly taken in local fisheries (Ref. 244).

Life cycle and mating behavior ການຈະເລີນເຕັມໄວ | ການສືບພັນ | ການວາງໄຂ່ | ໄຂ່ | ຄວາມດົກຂອງໄຂ່ປາ | ຕົວອ່ອນ

Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | ເອກະສານອ້າງອີງ | ຜູ້ປະສານງານ : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | ຜູ້ຮ່ວມມື

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Endangered (EN) (C2a(ii)); Date assessed: 01 October 2005

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

ການປະມົງ: ການປະມົງແບບກຸ້ມຕົນເອງ
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.7 - 28.3, mean 27.5 °C (based on 219 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00219 - 0.01045), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
ຊັ້ນເຂດຮ້ອນ (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
ຄວາມຢືດຢຸ່ນ (Ref. 120179):  ຕຳ່ຫຼາຍ, ປະຊາກອນຕຳ່ສຸດທີ່ໃຊ້ເວລາສອງເທົ່າຫຼາຍກວ່າ 14 ປີ (Fec assumed to be <10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.