Auxis rochei, Bullet tuna : fisheries, gamefish

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Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810)

Bullet tuna
إضافة ملاحظاتك Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Auxis rochei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | صور قوقل
Image of Auxis rochei (Bullet tuna)
Auxis rochei
Picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, الانواع) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Auxis: Greek, auxis = a variety of tunna (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Risso.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري; مياه مخلوطة; محيطية (Ref. 51243); نطاق العمق 10 - m (Ref. 9340), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - 28°C (Ref. 168); 61°N - 51°S, 180°W - 180°E

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific (Western): including the Mediterranean Sea. The eastern Pacific population is recognized as subspecies Auxis rochei eudorax (Ref. 32349). Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm FL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 168)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 9 - 12; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 10-13; شوكة شرجية 0; أشعه شرجية لينه: 12 - 14. Back bluish, turning to deep purple or almost black on head. Scaleless area with pattern of 15 or more fairly broad, nearly vertical dark bars. Belly white. Pectoral and pelvic fins purple, their inner sides black. Body robust, elongate and rounded. Teeth small and conical, in a single series. Pectoral fins short, not reaching vertical line from anterior margin of scaleless area above corselet. A large, single-pointed flap (interpelvic process) between pelvic fins. Body naked except for corselet, which is well developed in its posterior part 9 more than 6 scales wide under second dorsal-fin origin). A strong central keel on each side of caudal-fin base between 2 smaller keels (Ref 9684).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Adults are principally caught in coastal waters and around islands (Ref. 9340). Form schools. Feed on small fishes, particularly anchovies, crustaceans (especially crab and stomatopod larvae) and squids. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Because of their abundance, they are considered an important element of the food web, particularly as forage for other species of commercial interest. Also caught with encircling nets and troll lines (Ref. 9340). Marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 9340) and also dried or salted, smoked and canned (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Fecundity ranges between 31,000 and 103,000 eggs per spawning according to the size of the fish.

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم : Collette, Bruce B. | المتعاونين

Collette, B.B. and C.R. Aadland, 1996. Revision of the frigate tunas (Scombridae, Auxis), with descriptions of two new subspecies from the eastern Pacific. Fish. Bull. 94(3):423-441. (Ref. 32349)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 September 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Harmless





استخدامات بشرية

مصائد: ذو قيمة تاجرية عالية; لعبة سمكه: نعم

مزيد من المعلومات

الأسماء الشائعة
مرادفات
الأيض
مفتريسات
علم السميات البيئية
التكاثر
النضج
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
الخصوبة
بيض
تطور البيضة
مراجع
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
سلالات
جيني
تواتر الأليل
التوريث
الأمراض
معالجة
Nutrients
Mass conversion
المتعاونين
صور
Stamps, Coins Misc.
اصوات
التسمم باكل السمك
سرعة
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن
دماغ
رؤية

أدوات

تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.6 - 29, mean 26 °C (based on 6786 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00822 - 0.01109), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.61 se; based on food items.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  وسيط, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 1.4-4.4 سنة (K=0.32; tm=2; Fec=31,000-103,000).
Prior r = 1.00, 95% CL = 0.66 - 1.50, Based on 2 stock assessments.
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
فئة السعر (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 253 [68, 709] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.68 [1.02, 7.17] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.5 [18.5, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.724 [0.292, 1.953] g/100g ; Selenium = 49.3 [10.1, 189.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 44 [9, 207] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.58 [0.71, 3.43] mg/100g (wet weight);