Auxis rochei, Bullet tuna : fisheries, gamefish

Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810)

Bullet tuna
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Auxis rochei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Auxis rochei
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> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Auxis: Greek, auxis = a variety of tunna (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Risso.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 汽水性の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 10 - m (Ref. 9340), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - 28°C (Ref. 168); 61°N - 51°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Atlantic, Indian and Pacific (Western): including the Mediterranean Sea. The eastern Pacific population is recognized as subspecies Auxis rochei eudorax (Ref. 32349). Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm FL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 168)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9 - 12; 背鰭 (合計): 10-13; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 12 - 14. Back bluish, turning to deep purple or almost black on head. Scaleless area with pattern of 15 or more fairly broad, nearly vertical dark bars. Belly white. Pectoral and pelvic fins purple, their inner sides black. Body robust, elongate and rounded. Teeth small and conical, in a single series. Pectoral fins short, not reaching vertical line from anterior margin of scaleless area above corselet. A large, single-pointed flap (interpelvic process) between pelvic fins. Body naked except for corselet, which is well developed in its posterior part 9 more than 6 scales wide under second dorsal-fin origin). A strong central keel on each side of caudal-fin base between 2 smaller keels (Ref 9684).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Adults are principally caught in coastal waters and around islands (Ref. 9340). Form schools. Feed on small fishes, particularly anchovies, crustaceans (especially crab and stomatopod larvae) and squids. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Because of their abundance, they are considered an important element of the food web, particularly as forage for other species of commercial interest. Also caught with encircling nets and troll lines (Ref. 9340). Marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 9340) and also dried or salted, smoked and canned (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Fecundity ranges between 31,000 and 103,000 eggs per spawning according to the size of the fish.

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Collette, Bruce B. | 協力者

Collette, B.B. and C.R. Aadland, 1996. Revision of the frigate tunas (Scombridae, Auxis), with descriptions of two new subspecies from the eastern Pacific. Fish. Bull. 94(3):423-441. (Ref. 32349)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 September 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 高い商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
FAO - 水産業: landings, 種の外形; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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共通名の
類義語
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捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

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参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
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Otoliths

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.6 - 29, mean 26 °C (based on 6786 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00822 - 0.01109), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.61 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.32; tm=2; Fec=31,000-103,000).
Prior r = 1.00, 95% CL = 0.66 - 1.50, Based on 2 stock assessments.
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 253 [68, 709] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.68 [1.02, 7.17] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.5 [18.5, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.724 [0.292, 1.953] g/100g ; Selenium = 49.3 [10.1, 189.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 44 [9, 207] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.58 [0.71, 3.43] mg/100g (wet weight);