Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 44°N - 36°N, 10°W - 1°W
Europe: Portugal and Spain in Tagus and Guadiana drainages. Extirpated in Guadalquivir drainage, Spain (Ref. 59043). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 6376).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following characters: orbit touching or protruding out of dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; dorsal head profile concave in adults; last simple dorsal ray spinous, strongly serrated posteriorly; lower lip thin, without medina lobe; tip of lower jaw covered by lower lip; lateral line with 48-53 scales; head length 27-34% SL; and snout length 2.3-2.8 times in HL (Ref. 59043).
Inhabit middle and lower reaches, in deep and slow water, with abundant submerged plants (Ref. 11240). Feed on invertebrates, plants and fish (Ref. 26100). Juveniles prey on invertebrates while large adult individuals are mainly piscivorous. Spawn probably in May-June (Ref. 59043). Threatened by pollution, habitat destruction, introduction of new species (Ref. 26100) and water abstraction (Ref. 59043). Attains up to about 80 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00410 - 0.01168), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .