Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar bentopelagis; kisaran kedalaman - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 44°N - 36°N
Europe: Mediterranean slope of Spain from Llobregat to Riudecanyes drainages.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 31730)
Morfologi | Morfometrik
Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following characters: body with numerous small black dots, more or less aligned in longitudinal series along scale rows; anal, part of caudal and pelvic fins red during spawning season; lower lip with a median lobe; last simple dorsal ray slender, with small or without serrae posteriorly; and lateral line with 46-50 + 3-4 scales (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in water bodies on low-lying plains, with little current; in water courses at high altitudes and in springs and associated wetlands (Ref. 26100). Most frequently found in upper, cooler stretches of streams, with current and stone bottom. Feeds mainly on benthic macro-invertebrates, especially insect larvae. Spawns on vegetation and under stones (Ref. 59043). Is threatened by water abstraction, pollution, and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 124695)
ancaman kepada manusia
Ikan buruan: ya
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanNutrientsMass conversion
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00613 - 0.01488), b=3.02 (2.89 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 12.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.17; tm=1-4).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .