Ecosystem Reference
Ecosystem Kuma River
Type River (basin)
Salinity freshwater
Other Names (Russian: ?????)
Europe: Russia. FishBase does not have latitudinal and longitudinal range for this ecosystem.
Location Map
Size Ref
River Length 802 km Area Drainage Area 33500
Average Depth Max Depth Ref
100 Meters Depth
Description The Kuma (Russian: ?????) is an 802 km (498 mile) long river in southern Russia. Its drainage basin is 33 500 square km. Its source is in the Greater Caucasus, in the republic Karachay-Cherkessia, west of Kislovodsk. It flows in northeastern direction, through Stavropol Krai (towns Mineralnye Vody, Zelenokumsk, Budyonnovsk, Neftekumsk) and further east through the Caspian Depression as the natural border between Kalmykia and Dagestan. That part of the Kuma's valley forms the eastern part of the Kuma-Manych Depression, separating the East European Plain from the Caucasus region. The Kuma flows into the Kizlyar Gulf of the Caspian Sea near the border between Dagestan and Kalmykia.
Comments on faunal list
Ecosystem Checklist Link
FishBase Literature
Species Families Species Families Reference
9 6
Bogutskaya, Nina G. on 05.19.05
Modified by Luna, Susan M. on 05.27.21
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cfm script by eagbayani, 23.12.02 ,  php script by cgarilao, 15/10/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17