Biodiversity Niue (NIU)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 229 56 No
Freshwater 1 1 No
Total 229 56 No
Geography and Climate Niue is located in Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga. Area comparatively 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC. Climate is tropical; modified by southeast trade winds. Terrain consists of steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Pacific Ocean 0 m and highest point in unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m. Natural resources are fish, arable land. Land use: arable land: 19%, permanent crops: 8%, permanent pastures: 4%, forests and woodland: 19%, other: 50% (1993 est.). Natural hazards are typhoons. Environment—current issues: traditional methods of burning brush and trees to clear land for agriculture have threatened soil supplies which are not naturally very abundant . Geography—note: one of world's largest coral islands.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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