Common names from other countries
Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia: India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Borneo (Ref. 4833). Recorded from the Mekong delta (Ref. 12693).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833)
Adults occur usually in slow-moving rivers, estuaries and the upper reaches of backwaters. Prefers shady, marginal areas. Feed on mollusks, crustaceans and other invertebrates as well as vascular plants and detritus. Occasionally feed on fish scales and fins (Ref. 12693). The muscular tissue and viscera are extremely toxic. Common in the aquarium trade, but adults are known to be pugnacious and aggressive with its tankmates (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lays 200 eggs which are attached to a hard, flat submerged surface in shallow water. A parent guards the eggs until hatching. Adults have been observed tending schools of fry (Ref. 6028).
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 4833)
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00757 - 0.03809), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .