Morphology Data of Alburnus sarmaticus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Freyhof, J. and M. Kottelat, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks Males have numerous small nuptial tubercles (Ref. 75106).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Differs from other species of shemayas by the combination of the following characters: origin of anal fin about 1½ -2½ scales behind dorsal-fin base; anal fin with 15-17½ branched rays; gill rakers 27-34; length of gill raker at angle between upper and lower limbs of first gill arch 30-55% of opposite inner gill filament; lateral line scales 56-63 + 4-5; ventral keel exposed for 4-6 scales in front of anus, reaching about 25% of distance between anus and pelvic-fin base; head length 21-23% SL; predorsal length 53-58% SL; caudal peduncle depth 6.9-8.1% SL,1.7-2.0 times in its length; eye diameter 4.8-5.8% SL, 1.3-1.6 times in interorbital distance; presence of numerous small tubercles in nuptial males; absence of faint, dark midlateral stripe (Ref. 75106).

Description: dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 15 -17½ branched rays (Ref. 75106).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Alburnus sarmaticus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 56 - 63
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 9.5 - 9.5
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 18 - 18
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 27 - 34


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   15 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Soft-rays   10 - 10
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17