Morphology Data of Brochiraja microspinifera
Identification keys
Main Ref. Last, P.R. and J.D. McEachran, 2006
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral other
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales placoid scales

A dwarf species with the following combination of characters: tail moderately elongate, 1.2-1.4 times disc length, 2.5-2.7 times ventral head length, 5.3-6.3 times snout length; orbit moderately large, 2.1-2.8 in preorbital snout length; tail base moderately broad, width at pelvic-fin insertions 2.1-3.1 times width at midlength; fine dermal dentic1es present over entire dorsal disc; rostral thorns reduced in adult, about equidistant from orbit and snout tip (snout length 1.8-2.1 times their distance from snout tip); mid-dorsal surface of tail naked apart from single row of moderately enlarged thorns extending anteriorly onto interpelvic space; dorsolateral surface of tail with numerous smaller thorns and large denticles; single preorbital thorn, postorbital thorn absent; ventral disc and tail naked; calcified rostral shaft short; alar thorns in small, well-defined patch; malar thorns absent; both surfaces of disc dark brown; with or without pale-edged pores on ventral surface; nuchal pore band indistinct; total pectoral radials 58-63; predorsal vertebrae 81-88; tooth rows in the upper jaw 33-37 (Ref. 58023).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Brochiraja microspinifera

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17