Morphology Data of Garra bispinosa
Identification keys
Main Ref. Zhang, E., 2005
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Differs from all other congeners in Southeast Asia and China by having a conspicuous, quadrate and forwards pointed proboscis reflected downwards against the snout and anteriorly bilobed with one large, unicuspid and acanthoid tubercle on the distal end of each lobe, and a combination of the following characters: snout with a deep groove across its tip to form a transverse lobe; 34-35 lateral line scales; 16 circumpeduncular scales; a small mental disc (length 38.1-43.8% HL); an anterior position of anus (anus to anal distance 25.9-30.6% of pelvic to anal distance); a slightly pointed snout (Ref. 56230).

Description: dorsal fin with 4 simple and 7-8 branched rays; anal fin with 3 simple and 5 branched rays; pectoral fin with 1 simple and 13-14 branched rays; pelvic fin with 1 simple and 7-8 branched rays (Ref. 56230).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra bispinosa

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 34 - 35
Pored lateral line scales 34 - 35
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4 - 4
Scale rows below lateral line 2 - 3
Scales around caudal peduncle 16 - 16
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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