Morphology Data of Garra blanfordii
Identification keys
Main Ref. Stiassny, M.L.J. and A. Getahun, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout sucker-like
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Diagnosis: Garra blanfordii is unique among African Garra in a uniformly either cream or pale yellow-brown coloration and with the absence of distinct markings on head, body or fins (Ref. 58532). It is further distinguished from African congeners by the following combination of features: well developed disc; either smooth, or only very weakly incised ventral margin to rostral cap; fully scaled predorsal region; asquamate chest, belly and postpelvic region; and relatively large gas bladder (Ref. 58532).

Description: Relatively robust and deep-bodied, greatest body depth well in advance of dorsal-fin origin, at level of pectoral-fin tips (Ref. 58532). Head small, snout blunt, and without tubercles; eyes positioned anteriorly on head (Ref. 58532). Dorsal head profile rises steeply over snout, then rises more-or-less smoothly convex and contiguously with dorsal body profile to dorsal-fin origin (Ref. 58532). Disc development, somewhat variable, usually well-developed, with abundant papillae on lower lip and around disc periphery; disc papillation reduced in some specimens, but wide free posterior and lateral margins always present; rostral cap well-developed, extending ventrally over upper jaw; ventral margin smooth, occasionally very weakly incised (Ref. 58532). Two small pairs of barbels; rostral barbels usually slightly longer than maxillary pair (Ref. 58532). Between 34 and 38 scales along lateral line; predorsal region fully scaled to dorsal fin, scales often deeply embedded; 3.5 scales from lateral line to origin of pelvic fin; 4-4.5 scales from lateral line to dorsal-fin origin; chest, belly and postpelvic regions asquamate; region between vent and anal fin also asquamate (Ref. 58532). Dorsal fin with iv,7 rays, inserted well anterior to pelvic fin, with short rounded tip, first and second unbranched rays longest; anal fin with iv,5 rays; pectoral fin with v,11 rays (Ref. 58532).

Colouration: Noteworthy in lacking all dark pigmentation and markings on head, body and fins (Ref. 58532). Head and body more-or-less uniformly either cream or pale yellow-brown, a few individuals with some slight lightening ventrally (Ref. 58532). Dorsal fin pale hyaline, with no black spots in basal membranes; all other fins similarly uniformly pale hyaline with no markings (Ref. 58532).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra blanfordii

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 34 - 38
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4 - 4.5
Scale rows below lateral line 3.5 - 3.5
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 9 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   16 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   10 - 10
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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