Morphology Data of Lota lota
Identification keys
Abnormalities
Main Ref. Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features none
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section circular
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth terminal
Type of scales
Diagnosis

Diagnosed from all other freshwater fishes in Europe by its pelvic fin origin anterior to pectoral fin origin and by having one central barbel on lower jaw (Ref. 59043). Distinguished by the long second dorsal fin, at least 6 times as long as the first, and a single barbel on the chin (Ref. 27547). Gill rakers short (Ref. 27547). First dorsal short; second dorsal and anal fins joined to caudal; pectorals short and rounded; caudal rounded (Ref. 27547), with 40 rays (Ref. 2196). Color is yellow, light tan to brown with a pattern of dark brown or black on the body, head and fins (Ref. 1371). Pelvic fins pale, others dark and mottled (Ref. 27547).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Lota lota

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 3
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 7 - 12
Vertebrae
preanal
total 50 - 67

Fins

Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   0 - 0
Ventral  0 - 0
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 67 - 96
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes other (see remark); confluent

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 58 - 84

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   17 - 22
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    jugular  before origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   5 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Reyes, Rodolfo B.
Modified by Torres, Armi G.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17