Morphology Data of Luciocephalus pulcher
Identification keys
Main Ref. Tan, H.H. and P.K.L. Ng, 2005
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished from Luciocephalus aura in the following characters: absence of numerous iridescent green spots on central stripe when live (vs. presence); presence of black irregular pattern on area below preorbital to central stripe (vs. absence); area just above anal-fin base with 3-4 dark brown blotches, which appear circular when body is viewed ventrally (vs. absence of such markings); yellowish caudal fin with 3-5 broad vertical black bars (vs. brownish caudal fin with 3-7 narrow iridescent vertical gold bars); presence of markings on anal and pelvic (vs. absence); shorter caudal-fin length (total length 120.0-125.6% SL vs. 123.7-127.1); shorter postdorsal length (10.4-12.4% SL vs. 12.0-13.2); greater head length (44.1-48.6% SL vs. 43.3-45.9); smaller caudal peduncle depth (8.9-10.6% SL vs 10.7-11.2); and relatively shorter anal-fin base length (19.3-23.4% SL vs. 23.6-24.5) (Ref. 56386).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Luciocephalus pulcher

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 42 - 45
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 25 - 27
Scale rows below lateral line 15 - 17
Scales around caudal peduncle 9 - 12
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 38 - 40


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 12
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 0 - 1
Soft-rays total 19 - 21

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   16 - 18
Pelvics Attributes  
Position    before origin of D1
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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