";} } ?> Morphology Summary - Marcusenius caudisquamatus
Morphology Data of Marcusenius caudisquamatus
Identification keys
Abnormalities
Main Ref. Maake, P.A., O. Gon and E.R. Swartz, 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance always different morphology between mature adults
Different colors
Remarks Males at sexual maturity have kink in the base of the anal fin distinctly curving inward (Ref. 95448).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth terminal
Type of scales cycloid scales
Diagnosis

Diagnosis: Marcusenius caudisquamatus can be distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: middle body depth 23.8-25.9% of standard length; dorsal fin length 15.4-19.2% of standard length; anal fin length 23.0-24.9% of standard length; pre-dorsal length 61.7-66.7% of standard length; pre-anal length 60.7-62.8% of standard length; caudal peduncle depth 40.4-51.7% of its length; dorsal fin rays 20-22; anal fin rays 27-28; scales around caudal peduncle 19; lateral line scales 72-73; anterior gill rakers (4)+(5-6), total anterior gill rakers 9-10; posterior gill rakers (6)+(9), total posterior gill rakers 15; conical teeth on upper/lower jaws 5-5 (Ref. 95448).

Description: Head with terminal mouth well in front of eye; mental lobe on lower jaw protruding in front of upper jaw; snout rounded and blunt; pre-anal distance shorter than pre-dorsal distance; distance from origin of anal fin to origin of dorsal fin greater than middle body depth; pre-pelvic distance twice as long as distance between pelvic and anal fin (Ref. 95448). Dorsal and anal fins set well back on the body, dorsal fin situated about three fourths of standard length from snout and opposite anal fin; dorsal fin shorter, originating on vertical at 4th or 5th anal fin ray and ending before anal fin base; distal margin of dorsal and anal fins obliquely orientated, with rays becoming gradually shorter posteriorly; dorsal fin rays 20-22, its anterior rays highest, with distal margin rounded and slightly concave; anal fin rays 27-28; anterior anal fin rays of sexually mature males strong and sometimes darker, 3rd-5th rays longer than the first two rays, crescentic and rounded or curved backwards, but are anteriorly sharp or pointy in females and juveniles; pectoral fin rays 10; pectoral fin length 73.4-96.9% of head length (Ref. 95448). Middle body depth 23.7-25.9% of standard length; caudal peduncle thicker and stronger, subcylindrical across its entire length, 18.6-21.6% of standard length; caudal peduncle depth 40.4-51.7% into its length (Ref. 95448). Lateral line scales 72-73; lateral line scales cycloid with reticulate striae; scales along the caudal peduncle circumference, 19 (Ref. 95448). Jaws with 5-5 conical teeth; 44 vertebrae; total anterior gill rakers 9-10 on the first gill arch, gill rakers of the anterior row on first arch conicals, thin and more developed; total posterior gill rakers 15 on the first gill arch; rakers on the posterior row shorter, thicker and with flattened tips (Ref. 95448).

Colouration: In preservation, specimens are grey to blackish; in 70% alcohol the upper back and belly are covered with a milky-grey mucus layer, especially on the head where opaque 'mormyrid skin' is present (Ref. 95448).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Marcusenius caudisquamatus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 72 - 73
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 19 - 19
Barbels
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 5 - 6
on upper limb 4 - 4
total 9 - 10
Vertebrae
preanal
total 44 - 44

Fins

Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Ventral  
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 20 - 22
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 27 - 28

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   10 - 10
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Spines     
Soft-rays   
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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