Morphology Data of Parakneria kissi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Poll, M., 1969
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section circular
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Diagnosis: head length 4.9-5.2 times in SL; body height 6.3-9.3 times in SL; snout wide, flat and rounded, its length 2.4-2.9 times in HL; eye lateral, its diameter 5.9-8.1 times in HL, 1.7-2.7 times in interorbital distance, 2.1-3.3 times in snout length; dorsal fin origin 1.1-1.2 times further from snout than from caudal fin origin, its first rays slightly in front of pelvic fin origin; anal fin base 2.0-2.4 times further from pelvic fin origin than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fins short, with 17-18 soft rays, its length 4.8-5.3 times in SL; pelvic fins 6.6-7.5 times in SL, 1.3-1.5 times in HL; caudal peduncle depth 1.5-1.7 times in its length; 88-93 scales on lateral line (Ref. 89134).

Description: mouth inferior, transversal, with maxillaries forming small lateral pads and lips with cutting edge; lower lip absent, but cutting edge present on lower jaw; scales longitudinally striated; lateral line complete; caudal fin with 18-20 soft rays (Ref. 89134).

Coloration: yellowish, dorsal and lateral surfaces (except lower flanks and belly) entirely and finely mottled, more contrasted in males; mottling more or less confluent, more or less forming transversal bands on the back; 9-10 large, mediolateral spots, vague in females; fins not or slightly spotted; caudal fin with oblique bands on lobes (Ref. 89134).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parakneria kissi

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 88 - 93
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   0
Ventral  0
Spines total 0
Soft-rays total 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0
Soft-rays total 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   17 - 18
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  beneath origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Musschoot, Tobias
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17