Morphology Data of Puntius nelsoni
Identification keys
Main Ref. Plamoottil, M., 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished from its close congeners by the following set of characters: maxillaries are feeble, short and never reach orbit, the nostrils inserted in the middle of orbit and snout tip, head deeper (89.3- 96.2 % HL), mouth gape wider (29.2- 31.0 % HL) and snout shorter (22.7- 28.8 % HL); body and fins are yellowish; a narrow light bluish green mark on summit of occiput; outer to operculum with numerous fine black dots present in the form of a thin band which of both sides join together at occiput; differs from P. dorsalis, P. sophore and P. stigma in lacking (vs. presence) any color spot on the base of dorsal fin; differs further from P. dorsalis, P. sophore, P. parrah, P. viridis and P. chola in having a wider head; differs from P. madhusoodani in having 5½ (vs. 4½) scales between lateral line and dorsal fin; differs from P. mahecola in having 25- 26 lateral line scales (vs. 22) and 3½ scales (vs. 2½) between lateral line and ventral fin (Ref. 104747).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Puntius nelsoni

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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