Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Chacidae
(Squarehead or angler catfish)
Etymology: Chaca: Because of the sound that this fish makes when out of water (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 4 - 25; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 22°C - 24°C (Ref. 1672); 38°N - 18°N
Asia: India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Malaya and Indonesia (Ref. 41236). Reported from Myanmar (Ref. 4537).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236)
Inhabits rivers, beels, canals and ponds (Ref. 1479). Prefers soft substrates where it lies concealed in the soft mire of the river bed. It depends upon this concealment for protection and will not even move when it is touched lightly. Lies quietly on the bottom until some prey comes along (Ref. 6868). Apparently a worm-like appendix at the fringe of the mouth is used to attract prey (Ref. 50926). Fairly common in catches, but is not eaten perhaps due to its ugly appearance.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (Ref. 4833)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).