Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 6994). Temperate; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 6994); 30°S - 35°S, 115°W -
Oceania: between Albany district and Moore River in Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5259); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 6994)
Occur in coastal streams, lakes and ponds. Inhabit clear or darkly tannin-stained water of rivers, streams, swamps and lakes, usually near the cover of rocks, aquatic plants or woody debris (Ref. 44894). Cryptic during the day under stones or among vegetation, but actively feeding at night on various crustaceans, small fishes, aquatic insects and gastropods (Ref. 44894). Migrate to spawn in small side creeks after winter rains (August and September) (Ref. 6994). Males reach maturity after their first year, female after their second (Ref. 6994). Maximum life span is about six years (Ref. 44894).
Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=6; tm=1; K=0.67; Fec=230).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .